Kazakhstan


Kazakhstan is situated in Central Asia and it is one of the transcontinental country as some part of the country lies towards west of Ural River which is in Europe. By area, the country is spread over 2,724,900 square kilometers which makes the country larger than Western Europe. Kazakhstan is the world's 9th largest country, and it is also the largest country in the world which is landlocked. Geographically, Kazakhstan is located at a strategically sound region because the country shares borders with China, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. The country also has a diverse terrain due to its large area including snow-capped mountains, deltas, hills, deserts, and flatlands. Due to the large area of the country, the population density is very low as it is only 6 people per square kilometer.

Kazakhstan came under the control of the Russian Empire in the 19th century and as a result, tsars ruled most of the area in the region. Under the control of the Russian Empire, Kazakhstan was introduced to an administrative system, barracks, military garrisons, and infrastructure. This region was used by the Russian Empire to strengthen its position against the growing influence of the British Empire. As a result of the Russian influence, the Russian language was made mandatory for teaching in all the educational institutions in Kazakhstan. However, the increasing intrusion of the Russian influence was resented and resisted by the Kazakhs who wanted to preserve their culture. As a result of the resentment, the Kazakh national movement started towards the end of the 19th century and the focus of the movement was to preserve the national language, culture, and identity by stopping the increasing influence of the Russian Empire. In the wake of the resistance, there was an increasing number of Russian settlers in Kazakhstan and the numbers started to increase rapidly once the Trans-Aral Railway became operational. At the start of the 20th century, there were numerous uprisings and clashes between the Kazakhs and the Russians. After the fall of the Russian Empire, Kazakhstan had a small period of autonomy which ended when in 1920, Kazakhstan finally became an autonomous part within the Soviet Union.

Kazakhstan declared independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Since then, Kazakhstan has emerged as one of the rapidly growing economies as it holds the strongest economic position in Central Asia. Due to its economic growth and availability of natural resources, Kazakhstan has been the center of attention for foreign investors as well. At this pace, Kazakhstan can become one of the strongest economies of the world.

 
 

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