Theogony and Genesis


According to Kirk, the Theogony is a Greek poem written by Hesiod describing the birth of Greek gods. She uses Homeric Greek to write it in Epic dialect. Genesis, on the other hand, describes how God created the world in six days and rested the seventh day. It is a biblical story explaining how God created Adam and Eve. It also covers the creation of other living creatures. 

Similarities and Differences

Both the Genesis and Theogony are creation myths that show different perceptions about the origin of the world and all in it. They also possess some similarities. Kirk explain that, creation began with lots of chaos in the Theogony while Levin points out that in Genesis; the earth was just formless and empty. Despite the fact that both began in formless earth, in Theogony, chaos was born first. For instance, Gaia came to existence after Hesiod and gave birth to other gods that further mated to bear new gods. On the other hand, the creation in Genesis differs since it does not originate from the deeds of many non-eternal beings with mysterious beginnings. Instead, how every being came into existence is clearly explained and highly depends on unexplained eternal and uncreated principle. As such, while Theogony tries to explain how the universe evolved without mentioning its existence, the Genesis addresses the existence of the universe.

Most of the things in the Theogony were formed from wrong-doing or trickery while according to Genesis God created all things. This demonstrates how powerful God was considered to be in Genesis while in Theogony they were not. The Greek gods had to consult one another before performing any activity while God did not have to seek permission or help before carrying out His tasks. God was always there while the Theogony explains the birth of Greek gods, and though they did not die, they could not always exist. However, both the Bible and the Theogony states that men were first beings in the creation and women came later. Both God and the gods had supernatural powers.

Both accounts had different approaches to the future of humanity. The Theogony is pessimistic in the sense that human beings will always be in turmoil and disorders up to the destruction of the race of mortals by Zeus. In contrast, the Bible gives an optimistic view of the same by explaining how God will keep forgiving sinners. It goes further to show how he makes unbreakable covenants with them.


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